Jawahar lal Nehru was the primary Prime Minister of independent India. His father was a famous barrister and social worker. Nehru was the only son of a prosperous family. Apart from these, he had three sisters in his family. Nehru Ji was a Saraswat Brahmin of Kashmiri descent. Nehru Ji received education from renowned schools and colleges of the country and abroad. He received his early schooling from Harrow and Law from Trinity College London. After this, he became proficient in law from the University of Cambridge. Staying in England for 7 years, he developed knowledge of Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism.
He loved ‘ROSE ‘, which he kept in his sherwani. He was also very fond of children, children used to address him as ‘Chacha Nehru’. Due to this love, his birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day on 14 November. Nehru was also known as the author of ‘Discovery of India’.
Nehru had a daughter, Indira Gandhi. Indira Gandhi considered her father as her guru, she had taught the politics of the country from Nehru Ji. He had closely watched the freedom struggle of the country since childhood. This was the reason that she also had a great loved for the country. Indira Ji became the first woman Prime Minister of an independent country. India was the main contribution of Indira Ji in advancing and strengthening the country.
Political life history of Jawahar lal Nehru
In 1912, Nehru returned to India and worked as a barrister in the Allahabad High Court. In 1916, Nehru married a young woman named Kamala. In 1917, he joined the Home Rule League. In 1919, Nehru Ji came in contact with Gandhi, where his ideas greatly influenced Nehru Ji and he got political knowledge only under the leadership of Gandhi Ji, this was the time when Nehru Ji first step into the politics of India. , and had seen him so closely. In 1919, Gandhi ji took a stand against the Rowlatt Act. Nehru Ji was greatly influenced by Gandhi Ji’s civil disobedience movement. Along with Nehru Ji, his family also followed Gandhi JI, Motilal Nehru renounced his wealth and adopted the Khadi environment. Nehru actively participated in the ‘Non-cooperation-movement’ organized by Gandhiji in 1920-1922. At this time Nehru Ji went to jail for the first time. Served the city for two years as the president of Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924. He resigned in 1926. From 1926-28, Nehru became the General Secretary of “All-India-Congress”. Gandhi ji was seeing a great leader of India in Nehru Ji.
In 1928-1929, the annual session of the Congress was organized under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. Two factions were formed in this session, in the first group, Nehruji and Subhash Chandra Bose supported the demand for complete independence and in the second group, Motilal Nehru and other leaders demanded a sovereign state under the government. In the battle of these two proposals, Gandhiji found a middle way. He said that Britain will be given two years so that they give statehood to India, otherwise the Congress will give rise to a national fight. But the government did not give any proper answer. In December 1929, the annual session of the Congress was held in ‘Lahore’ under the chairmanship of Nehru, in which everyone unanimously passed a resolution demanding ‘Purna Swaraj’. Nehru hoisted the flag of independent India on 26 January 1930 in Lahore. In 1930, Gandhiji called for the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement, which was so successful that the British government had to bow down to take important decisions.
In 1935, when the British government passed the resolution of the India Act, Congress decided to contest the elections. Nehru supported the party by staying outside the elections. Congress formed the government in every state and won the most places. In 1936-1937, Nehru was appointed as the President of the Congress. Nehru was arrested in 1942 in the Quit India Movement under the leadership of Gandhi, after which he came out of jail in 1945. During the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, Nehru played an important role in negotiations with the government.
Election of the first Prime Minister of the country
At the time of India’s independence in 1947, elections were held for the post of Prime Minister in the Congress, in which Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Acharya Kriplani got the maximum votes. But at the request of Gandhiji, Jawaharlal Nehru was appointed as the first Prime Minister of India. After this Nehru Ji became the Prime Minister of India thrice.
After independence, Nehru Ji performed the task of building the foundation of a strong nation by organizing India properly and leading it. He also made a very important contribution to make India financially fearless. Built a strong foundation of the dream of modern India. He created the ‘Non-Aligned’ movement for peace and organization. Despite their hard work, they could not maintain friendly relations with Pakistan and China.
Jawaharlal Nehru got the honor (Jawaharlal Nehru Awards)-
In 1955, Nehru was awarded the country’s highest honor ‘Bharat Ratna’.
When and how did Jawaharlal Nehru die (Jawaharlal Nehru Death)-
Nehru Ji always tried to improve relations with his neighboring countries China and Pakistan. His thinking was that we should love our neighbor as ourselves, but in 1962 China attacked India, which caused great shock to Nehru. Due to the Kashmir issue, good relations could never be established with Pakistan.
Nehru died on 27 May 1964 due to a heart attack. His death was a great loss for the country of India.
He is remembered even today as a great leader and freedom fighter of the country. Many schemes, roads were made in his memory. Jawaharlal Nehru School, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital, etc. were started in his honor.