The Modi government has removed Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir, fulfilling the demand for which was being raised for 70 years. On Monday, post-tweets were seen on social media in support of and criticism of this decision on Kashmir. At the same time, if you turn the pages of history, it is known that how Jammu and Kashmir became a part of India. The historical day of 26 October 1947, the stories related to which were recorded in history forever.
Three princely states refused to merge After India’s independence on August 15, 1947, most of the princely states or princely states merged themselves into India. But the rulers of the three princely states refused to merge with India. These three rulers were Nawab of Junagadh, Nizam of Hyderabad, and Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir. Kashmir became a princely state on March 16, 1846, after it came under British occupation. The British later gave it to Gulab Singh, who was then the Raja of Jammu. Maharaja Hari Singh, who was the ruler of Kashmir at the time of its merger with India, was a descendant of the same Gulab Singh.
After independence, Pakistan’s eyes were on Kashmir, due to the large population of Muslims in Kashmir, Jinnah thought that Kashmir would become a part of his country. Several weeks after independence on August 15, 1947, Hari Singh expressed no desire to merge his princely state with either Pakistan or India. Then Pakistan made a plan to annex Jammu and Kashmir by force. Pakistan decided to send an army of tribals to seize Jammu and Kashmir from Maharaja Hari Singh. In the early hours of October 24, 1947, thousands of tribal Pathans infiltrated into Kashmir. He moved towards Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir from where Hari Singh ruled. In this time of crisis, Maharaja Harisingh appealed to India for help. On 25 October, VP Menon, a close aide of Sardar Patel, was airlifted to Srinagar. VP Menon went to seek Hari Singh’s approval for the accession of Kashmir to India.
In this way, the merger and Kashmir became a part of India, on 26 October, Hari Singh and his court shifted to Jammu so that the invading tribals would be safe. After Menon reached Kashmir, Hari Singh confirmed the merger of Kashmir with India, and Hari Singh signed the documents of the merger. In this way, the work of merger of Jammu and Kashmir with India is completed.